ALAN WATSON (1933–2018) necrologue by Sima Avramović










Prof. Sima Avramovic

Prof. Sima Avramović






Alan Watson Foundation



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Bibliography on Legal Transplants and the Diffusion of Law


*   Ajani, Gianmaria. By Chance and Prestige: Legal Transplants in Russia and Eastern Europe. 43 American Journal of Comparative Law 1, 1995.


*   Anderson, Exporting Democracy. U.S. Lawyers Help Eastern Europe Draft New Constitutions. ABA Journal 18, June 1990.


*   Batricevic, Ana. Legal Transplants and the Code of Serbian Tsar Stephan Dushan:

A Comparative Study, 2006. Available at SSRN: <>


*   Berkowitz, Daniel; Katharina Pistor and Jean-Francois Richard. The Transplant Effect. 51 American Journal of Comparative Law 163, 2003.


*   Bradley, David. Convergence in Family Law: Mirrors, Transplants and Political Economy. Oxford University Comparative Law Forum 2, 2001. <>


*   Brietzke, Paul. Designing the Legal Frameworks for Markets in Eastern Europe. 7 The Transnational Lawyer 1, 1994.


*   Ewald, William. Comparative Jurisprudence (II): The Logic of Legal Transplants. 43 American Journal of Comparative Law, 1995.


*   Fedtke, Joerg. Legal transplants, in: Jan M. Smits (ed.), Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law, Cheltenham 2006, pp. 434-437.


*   Garoupa, Nuno and Anthony Ogus. A Strategic Interpretation of Legal Transplants, 2003. CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4123. Available at Social Science Research Network: <>


*   Kennedy, Duncan. Two Globalizations of Law and Legal Thought, 1850–1968. 36 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 631, 2003.


*   Langer, Máximo. From Legal Transplants to Legal Translations: The Globalization of Plea Bargaining and the Americanization Thesis in Criminal Procedure. 45 Harvard International Law Journal 1, 2004. <>


*   Legrand, Pierre. The Impossibility of “Legal Transplants”. 4 Maastricht Journal of European & Comparative Law 111, 1997.


*   Lowie, Robert H. Primitive Society. Second Edition. New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation, 1947.

*   Mańko, Rafał. Legal Transfers in Europe Today: Still "Modernisation Through Transfer"? [in:] P. Bieś-Srokosz et al. (eds), Mutual Interaction Between Contemporary Systems and Branches of Law in European Countries (Częstochowa: Podobiński Publishing House, 2017)


*   Mattei, Efficiency in Legal Transplants: An Essay in Comparative Law and Economics. 4 Int’l. Rev. L. Econ. 3, 1994.


*   Mattei, Ugo. A Theory of Imperial Law: A Study on U.S. Hegemony and the Latin Resistance. 10 Ind. J. Global Legal Stud. 383, 2003.


*   Mertus, Julie. Mapping Civil Society Transplants: A Preliminary Comparison Between Eastern Europe and Latin America. 53 U. Miami Law Rev. 921, 1999


*   Mistelis, L. Regulatory Aspects: Globalization, Harmonization, Legal Transplants, and Law Reform – Some Fundamental Observations, 34 The International Lawyer 1055, 2000.


*   Nessen, Paul von. The Americanization of Australian Corporate Law. 26 Syracuse Journal of International and Comparative Law 239, 1999.


*   Örücü, Esin. Critical Comparative Law: Considering Paradoxes for Legal Systems in Transition. 59 Nederlandse Vereniging Voor Rechtsvergelijking 1, 82, 1999.


*   Rudmin, Floyd W. Catalogue of acculturation constructs: Descriptions of 126 taxonomies, 1918-2003. In W. J. Lonner, D. L. Dinnel, S. A. Hayes, & D. N. Sattler, Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, Center for Cross-Cultural Research, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington, 2003. <>.


*   Shah, Prakash. Globalisation and the challenge of Asian legal transplants in  Europe. Singapore Journal of Legal Studies, 2005,  pp. 348-361. <>


*   Smits, Jan M. On Successful Legal Transplants in a Future Ius Commune Europaeum, in: Andrew Harding & Esin Örücü (eds.), Comparative Law in the 21st Century, London 2002, pp. 137-154.


*   Stewart, Miranda. Global Trajectories on Tax Reform: The Discourse of Tax Reform in Developing and Transition Countries. 44 Harv. Int’l L.J. 139, 151, 2003.


*   Tarde, Gabriel de. Social Laws: An Outline of Sociology. Translated from the French by Howard C. Warren. Kitchener, Ontario: Batoche Books Limited, 2001.


*   Tarde, Gabriel de. The Laws of Imitation. Second Edition. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1962.


*   Twining, William. Diffusion and Globalization Discourse. 47 Harvard International Law Journal 2, Summer 2006, pp. 507–515. <>


*   Twining, William. Diffusion of Law: A Global Perspective. Journal of Legal Pluralism 1–45, Vol. 49. <>


*   Twining, William. Social Science and Diffusion of Law. 32 Journal of Law and Sociology, 203, 204, 2005.


*   Waelde & Gunderson. Legislative Reform in Transition Economies – A Shortcut to Social Market Economy Status? 43 Int. Comp. L.Q. 347, 1994.


*   Watson, Alan. Legal Transplants and European Private Law. Electronic Journal of Comparative Law, vol 4.4, Dec. 2000. <>


*   Watson, Alan. Legal Transplants: An Approach to Comparative Law. Second Edition. Athens, Georgia: The University of Georgia Press, 1993.


*   Watson, Alan. Society and Legal Change. Second Edition. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2001.


*   Watson, Alan. Sources of Law, Legal Change and Ambiguity. European Edition. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1985.


*   Watson, Alan. The Evolution of Law. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.


*   Westbrook, David A. City of Gold: An Apology for Global Capitalism in a Time of Discontent. 2003.


*   Westbrook, David A. Law Through War. 48 Buff. L. Rev. 299, 2000.


*   Westbrook, David A. Theorizing the Diffusion of Law: Conceptual Difficulties, Unstable Imaginations, and the Effort To Think Gracefully Nonetheless. 47 Harvard International Law Journal 2, 2006. <>


*   Wiegand, Wolfgang. The Reception of American Law in Europe. 39 American Journal of Comparative Law 229, 1991.


*   Wise, Edward M. The Transplant of Legal Patterns. 37 American Journal of Comparative Law 1, 1990.




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